In Hosseinzadeh v. Leung, the Plaintiff was injured as a passenger in an intersection collision when the vehicle she was in was struck by a left turning vehicle. The Plaintiff brought an ICBC claim for several types of damages, including pain and suffering, income loss, diminished earning capacity, loss of housekeeping capacity, cost of future care, and out of pocket expenses. ICBC’S lawyer admitted fault on behalf of the Defendant. The Plaintiff asserted a variety of injuries, including chronic neck and back pain, emotional issues, and fibromyalgia. A central issue for the Court to consider was whether the accident caused the Plaintiff to develop fibromyalgia with associated emotional and psychological difficulties, or whether such fibromyalgia was caused by the Plaintiff’s pre-existing hypothyroidism and/or type II diabetes. The trial was heard approximately five years after the accident, with the Court awarding the Plaintiff $125,000.00 for pain and suffering.
 The injuries have affected all areas of Ms. Hosseinzadeh’s life. Prior to the accident, she was able, with ease, to look after all of the cooking, housekeeping, laundry, and shopping for her family. She now depends on her husband and son to do much of this work and, although she can do some housekeeping, what used to take her a few hours each week is now a constant chore that she slowly works at throughout the day, taking frequent breaks. She has been deprived of her favorite activity — cooking meals for and entertaining large groups of friends. Her once vibrant social life of weekly parties, BBQs, and other events with friends has been significantly diminished.
 While Ms. Hosseinzadeh continues to try to exercise regularly, she has had to modify what she does and sometimes she exercises in pain. She used to swim but now does mild exercises in the pool. She used to walk with friends easily but now has to take frequent breaks when she walks. At times her pain not only prevents her from exercising, it leaves her immobile for days at a time.
 A formerly outgoing, sociable, and engaged woman, Ms. Hosseinzadeh is now more reclusive and has to depend heavily on her husband and her son. She must confront the reality that she has an incurable condition that has left her significantly impaired and, on bad days, almost completely incapacitated. All of this has had a significant adverse effect on her overall emotional well-being.